Is a style of architecture which flourished during the high and late medieval period. It evolved out of Romanesque architecture and has been succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France and lasting into the 16th century, Gothic architecture was famous during the span as Opus Francigenum (“French function”) together with the expression Gothic first appearing during the next part of this Renaissance. Gothic architecture is the most recognizable as the architecture of many of the fantastic cathedrals, abbeys and churches of Europe. It is also the architecture of many castles, palaces, city halls, guild halls, universities and into some prominent extent, private dwellings, like dorms and rooms.
It is in the fantastic churches and cathedrals and in several of civic buildings the Gothic style has been expressed most powerfully, its own characteristics lending themselves to appeals to the feelings, while springing from religion or by civic pride. A fantastic number of ecclesiastical buildings remain from this period, of which the smallest are usually structures of architectural distinction while many of these bigger churches are deemed invaluable works of art and are listed with UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. For this reason a study of Gothic architecture is mainly a study of cathedrals and churches.
A series of Gothic revivals began in mid-18th-century England, disperse through 19th-century Europe and continued, largely because of university and college structures, into the 20th century.
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